May 14, 2019 : Afghan TV Journalist Shot Dead In Kabul

May 14, 2019 | Brainwave Science

SITUATION

A well-known Afghan television journalist was shot dead in broad daylight in Kabul over the weekend, prompting an outcry from women’s rights advocates.

Mina Mangal, who worked for several Afghan television channels and later became an adviser in Afghanistan’s parliament, was apparently en route to work early Saturday morning when she was attacked.

Police spokesman Basir Mujahid told Reuters that she was killed near her Kabul home by two unknown men on a motorbike.

The motive behind the attack is not yet clear. Ariana News, one of the news outlets where she worked, quoted a security official saying that “the motive behind Ms. Mangal’s assassination was a family and private matter.”

 “I have lost an intelligent and active daughter because of a family dispute issue,” Mangal’s father told the BBC. “I am asking the government why they could not protect my working daughter and I have lost her. I urge them to protect my other daughters and other women like them who come out of home and serve our society.”

Violence against women is extremely prevalent in Afghanistan. According to the U.N., 51 percent of women there experienced physical or sexual violence from an intimate partner sometime in their lifetime, and 46 percent of women experienced those forms of violence in the last 12 months. Afghan TV

The killing is also prompting other female journalists in Afghanistan to demand that the government work on keeping them safe. “In a country where my life is in danger as a journalist, I want the government not to show appreciation for our work but to focus on how to protect us,” journalist Zalma Kharooty said in a post on Facebook, according to Reuters.

U.S. State Department spokesperson Morgan Ortagus described Mangal’s death as a “brutal murder.” She wrote in a post on Twitter: “A free and independent press, including the security of reporters like Mina, is essential to allow democracy to flourish in #Afghanistan and around the world.”

Since 1994, at least 48 journalists have been killed in Afghanistan, according to the Committee to Protect Journalists.

According to the BBC, one of the programs that Mangal hosted was a show about women’s rights.

This spring, the U.S. has been holding discussions with representatives from the Taliban to push for a peace agreement. Some observers have expressed concern about how such an agreement might impact Afghanistan’s women.

“The prospect of a peace agreement with the Taliban raises new concerns about the sustainability of the gains Afghan women have made over the past 17 years,” said the latest report from the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction. “Some experts believe that a precipitous withdrawal of U.S. forces could lead to the deterioration of political and economic freedoms, however, limited, currently enjoyed by women in Afghanistan.”

CHALLENGE

Identifying unknown suspects with little relation to the victim are extremely difficult. Moreover, when the motive is not clear, then the pool of suspects is very large. Such investigations take a very long time to complete. Also, money and manpower required are considerably higher in such scenarios. Despite the effort and cost, there is no guarantee of being able to find out the perpetrator. This is a lose-lose situation.

Violence against women has many indirect effects. It creates an atmosphere of fear. Women are afraid to step out and this affects the GDP. Because it is so common, the perpetrators are emboldened and do not think twice before victimizing women.

The only way to stop this is to create a fear of prosecution in the minds of men. The crimes against women must be solved quickly and punishments awarded to the perpetrators. To do this the law enforcement agencies need to overhaul their investigation practices. Once such cases begin to be solved reliably and in time, then more and more women will have to confidence to report the crimes.

This is not just about women but about journalists as well. For a free press to exist, the journalists must feel safe. Law enforcement can be efficient in solving crimes with accuracy in order to serve as a deterrent.

WHY ICOGNATIVE?

The murder of Ms. Mangal seems to be motivated by her work on women’.  It is extremely time-consuming and labor-intensive to find this out using conventional intelligence gathering methods. By consuming so much time, justice is delayed. Justice delayed is justice denied. Thus, it is safe to believe that law enforcement, investigative agencies and the justice departments across the world will be interested in help from modern science in the form of a tool or technology which can help make intelligence gathering and interrogation more reliable, accurate, and quick.

Brainwave Science, an organization based in Massachusetts, United States, has the answer to this global quest. It has developed and markets a modern technique, called iCognative, which detects concealed information stored in the brain of a suspect or a witness.

iCognative can accurately do so by using cutting-edge digital technology to measure brain waves. DNA and conventional fingerprinting have been in use to match a suspect to his or her crime. The issue is that fingerprints and DNA evidence are recovered in only 1-2% of all cases. Also, investigators must collect and diligently preserve such information, analyze it in laboratories and wait for a certain time in order to obtain results.

Brainwave Science’s iCognative fills this void because it is applicable to, believe it or not, 85%-90% of all criminal and civil cases. To add to this, iCognative is not nearly as costly, labor-intensive, or time-consuming as DNA and conventional fingerprinting.

iCognative involves the use of a specialized headset and a portable computer. A trained test administrator conducts the test. A test subject is usually a witness or a suspect of a specific crime.

In order to conduct the iCognative test, the suspect must be made to look at a series of stimuli on a computer screen. The stimuli can be pictures, words, and phrases related to the crime under investigation. These inputs are called stimuli. In this case, the stimuli which the investigative agencies may use upon the arrest of the suspects is details of the route taken by Ms. Mangal on her commute, the CCTV footage of the incident if any, the cell phone records of Ms. Mangal before her killing, the cellphone records of suspects and Ms. Mangal, etc.

As the suspect is being exposed to the stimuli, he or she must wear a non-invasive proprietary headset, which records and transmits recorded brain responses to the iCognative computer, in real-time.

After a usual 45-minute iCognative test, the system results in either of the two outputs, ‘information present’ or ‘information absent.’ This is greatly helpful to investigative agencies in order to specifically screen suspects in ongoing investigations.

The iCognative test does not involve any torture, and there is no known way to fool the test. It is accurate to a degree of more than 99% and is highly customizable and easy to learn.

Investigative agencies in Afghanistan could save their time, effort and money by utilizing the cutting edge technology offered only by Brainwave Science, called iCognative, to solve the murder of Ms. Mangal.

Main Source: NPR  

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